Jul 6, 2010

Fireworks Related Mortality Report

(NOTE: The data for 2009 and 2010 has not been compiled yet)
Below are some interesting factoids about fireworks related mortality.

     This report provides the results of the U. S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) staff analysis of data on non-occupational fireworks-related deaths and injuries during 2008. The report also includes a summary of CPSC staff enforcement activities during 2008.
     Staff obtained information on fireworks-related deaths from news clippings and other sources in CPSC’s Injury and Potential Injury Incident (IPII) database. Staff estimated fireworks-related injuries from CPSC’s National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS). More detailed analyses of injuries including the type of injury, the fireworks involved, and the characteristics of the victim were based on a special study conducted by CPSC staff between June 20 and July 20, 2008. About two-thirds of the annual fireworks-related injuries for 2008 occurred during that period.

Highlights of the report are as follows:
•CPSC staff has reports of 7 fireworks-related deaths during 2008. Two people were killed in incidents involving aerial and display fireworks. One person died in a fire where a firework was the ignition source. Three people were killed in incidents involving homemade fireworks. One person, on oxygen, suffered serious burns when a firecracker exploded near his face. He died 18 days later in the hospital. CPSC staff has reports of 11 fireworks-related deaths in 2007.

•Fireworks were involved in an estimated 7,000 injuries treated in U. S. hospital emergency departments during calendar year 2008 (95 percent confidence interval 5,200 – 9,000). CPSC staff estimated that there were 9,800 fireworks-related injuries during 2007.

•An estimated 5,000 fireworks-related injuries (or 70 percent of the total fireworks-related injuries) were treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments during the one-month special study period between June 20, 2008 and July 20, 2008 (95 percent confidence interval 3,400 – 6,500). CPSC staff estimated that there were 6,300 fireworks-related injuries (66 percent of the annual total) during the 2007 special study period.

Results from the special study include the following:
•Of the fireworks-related injuries sustained, 62 percent were to males and 38 percent were to females.

•Injuries to children were a major component of total fireworks-related injuries with children under 15 accounting for 40 percent of the estimated injuries. Children and young adults under 20 had 58 percent of the estimated injuries.

•There were an estimated 900 injuries associated with firecrackers. Of these, 500 were associated with small firecrackers, 100 with illegal firecrackers, and 300 where the type of firecracker was not specified.

•There were an estimated 800 injuries associated with sparklers and 300 with bottle rockets.

•The parts of the body most often injured were hands and fingers (estimated 1,400 injuries), eyes (1,000 injuries), and legs (900 injuries).

•More than half of the injuries were burns. Burns were the most common injury to all parts of the body except the eyes, where contusions, lacerations, and foreign bodies in the eye occurred more frequently.

•Most patients were treated at the emergency department and then released. An estimated 8 percent of patients were treated and transferred to another hospital or admitted to the hospital.

No comments:

Post a Comment